Author: Cullen, Julianne; DeCicca, Philip; Volden, Craig
Working Paper : The Impact of State CHIP Programs on Early Childhood Health Insurance Coverage, Utilization, and Outcomes (PDF); July 2005
We analyze the dramatic expansion in public health insurance eligibility to children in near-poor households under the CHIP program using student-level data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K). We implement both first-difference and level specifications to determine the impact of expanded eligibility on take-up and crowd-out. We then rely on the policy-induced variation in health insurance coverage transitions and status to examine the short- and longer-term impacts on early childhood health care utilization, health and academic attainment.