MICHAEL CHERNEW, PH.D.
Dr. Chernew is Professor at the University of Michigan
in the department of Health Management and Policy. He also has
appointments in the departments of Internal Medicine, and Economics.
He received a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University, where
his training focused on areas of applied microeconomics and econometrics.
Dr. Chernew is Co-Editor of the American Journal of Managed
Care and Co-Director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s
Scholars in Health Policy Research program at the University of
Michigan. One major area of Dr. Chernew's research focuses on assessing
the impact of managed care on the health care marketplace, with
an emphasis on examining the impact of managed care on health care
cost growth and on the use of medical technology. In 2000 and 2004,
he served on technical advisory panels for the Center for Medicare
and Medicaid Services (CMS) that reviewed the assumptions used
by the Medicare actuaries to assess the financial status of the
Medicare trust funds. On the panels Dr. Chernew focused on the
methodology used to project trends in long term health care cost
growth. Other research has examined determinants of patient choice
of hospital and the impact of health plan performance measures
on employee and employer selection of health plans. In 1998, he
was awarded the John D. Thompson Prize for Young investigators
by the Association of University Programs in Public Health. In
1999, he received the Alice S. Hersh, Young Investigator Award
from the Association of Health Services Research. Both of these
awards recognize overall contribution to the field of health services
research. Dr. Chernew is a Research Associate of the National Bureau
of Economic Research and he is on the Editorial Boards of Health
Services Research, Health Affairs, and Medical
Care Research and Review.
DAVID CUTLER, PH.D.
David Cutler is Professor of Economics in the Faculty of
Arts and Sciences. His research focuses on the economics of health
care. He served in 1993 as Senior Staff Economist at the Council
of Economic Advisers and Director of the National Economic Council.
Cutler was primarily involved in drafting the Clinton Administration's
health care reform proposal. He also served on several government
advisory panels, including groups at the National Institutes of Health,
the Social Security Administration, and the Health Care Financing
Administration. Currently, he is examining the sources of cost growth
in medical care, the productivity of the medical system, and the
relationship between public provision of medical care and private
insurance coverage. Cutler is also an editor of the Journal of
Health Economics. He received his BA in economics from Harvard
in 1987 and his PhD in economics from MIT in 1991. He lives in Boston,
where he enjoys running, ultimate Frisbee, walking along the Charles
River, and reading history.
JONATHAN GRUBER, PH.D.
Dr. Jonathan Gruber is a Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, where he has taught since 1992. He is also
the Director of the Program on Children at the National Bureau of
Economic Research, where he is a Research Associate. He is a co-editor
of the Journal of Public Economics , and an Associate Editor
of the Journal of Health Economics.
Dr. Gruber received his B.S. in Economics from MIT, and his Ph.D.
in Economics from Harvard. He has received an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Research Fellowship, a FIRST award from the National Institute
on Aging, and the Kenneth Arrow Award for the Best Paper in Health
Economics in 1994. He was also one of 15 scientists nationwide
to receive the Presidential Faculty Fellow Award from the National
Science Foundation in 1995. During the 1997-1998 academic year,
Dr. Gruber was on leave as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic
Policy at the Treasury Department.
Dr. Gruber's research focuses on the areas of public finance and
health economics. His recent areas of particular interest include
the economics of employer provided health insurance, the efficiency
of our current system of delivering health care to the indigent,
the effect of the Social Security program on retirement behavior,
and the economics of smoking.
Kanika Kapur is an economist with RAND in Santa Monica, California. She received her Ph.D. in 1997 from Northwestern University and her B.A. in 1992 from Dartmouth College. Her research interests span several areas of health and labor economics. She has authored several studies that examine the labor market implications of employer provided health insurance. She has also studied the role of individual health insurance market in reaching the uninsured. In other work, she has examined the determinants of health expenditures, including the importance of health plan structure and the role of socio-economic and racial characteristics.
PATRICIA KEENAN, PH.D.
Patricia Seliger Keenan is a postdoctoral fellow in Aging and Health Economics
at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Next year, she will be an assistant
professor at the Yale School of Public Health. She received a PhD in Health
Policy from Harvard University in 2005. Her research focuses on health insurance
markets, aging policy, and health care regulation and politics.
HELEN LEVY, PH.D.
Helen G. Levy is Research Assistant Professor at the Institute
for Social Research at the University of Michigan, and an Assistant
Research Scientist at the Economic Research Initiative on the Uninsured.
Her interests include health and labor economics. Her most recent
work explores trends in health insurance coverage for low-skilled
adults and the consequences of being uninsured for access to medical
Levy received a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University in
1998. From 1998 to 2000, she was a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Scholar in Health Policy Research at the University of California
at Berkeley. She has served as a research analyst for the Robert
Wood Johnson Foundation and is a faculty research fellow of the
National Bureau of Economic Research.
Robin McKnight is an assistant professor of economics at the University
of Oregon and a faculty research fellow of the National Bureau
of Economic Research (NBER). Prior to joining the UO faculty in
2003, she earned a PhD in economics at MIT and held
a post-doctoral fellowship in the economics of aging and health
at the NBER. Her research interests span the fields of public economics
and health economics, including issues that arise from government
intervention in health insurance markets, such as through Medicare
CATHERINE MCLAUGHLIN, PH.D.
Dr. McLaughlin is a Professor in the Department
of Health Management and Policy and the Director of the Economic
Research Initiative on the Uninsured (ERIU) at the University
of Michigan. ERIU, a five-year initiative funded by The Robert
Wood Johnson Foundation, has been conducting and disseminating
research aimed at increasing our understanding of the interaction
between health and labor market dynamics and the uninsured. In
addition, Dr. McLaughlin is the director of the University of
Michigan component of the Agency for Health Care Policy Research's
Center of Excellence on Managed Care Markets and Quality directed
by Harold Luft at University of California, San Francisco. The
projects being pursued at Michigan focus on the dynamic interaction
between plan performance measures, market structure, and employer
Dr. McLaughlin is also currently the Vice-Chair
of the Citizens' Health Care Working Group and a Senior
Associate Editor of Health Services Research. From 1993 to 2003
she was the Director of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's
Scholars in Health Policy Research Program at Michigan. Her current
research interests are focused on the uninsured, managed care,
market competition, and employer and employee benefit choice.
Dr. McLaughlin has studied various health economics
topics. She has published numerous articles on the impact of
HMOs on market competition and health care costs, the determinants
of small area variation in hospital utilization and costs, and
issues surrounding the working uninsured. Recent publications
include: “The Long-Term and Short-Term Effects of a Copayment
Increase on the Utilization and Expenditures of Prescription
Drugs,” in Inquiry, “Donated Care Programs:
A Stopgap Measure or a Long-Run Alternative to Health Insurance?” in Journal
of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, “Quality
and Employers' Choice of Health Plans,” in Journal
of Health Economics, "Causes and Consequences of Lack
of Health Insurance: Gaps in Our Knowledge," in Health
Policy and the Uninsured , Urban Institute Press; "Who
Walks Through the Door? The Effect of the Uninsured" in Health
Affairs; "Medigap Premiums and Medicare HMO Enrollment" in Health
Services Research; "The Who, What, and How of Managed
Care," The Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law; "Health
Care Consumers: Choices and Constraints" in Medical
Care Research and Review, "Competition, Quality of
Care, and The Role of Consumers," in The Milbank Quarterly,
and "The Demand for Health Insurance Coverage by Low-Income
Workers: Can Reduced Premiums Achieve Full Coverage?," in Health
Professor McLaughlin received her Ph.D. in economics
from the University of Wisconsin.
ALAN C. MONHEIT, PH.D.
Alan C. Monheit is Professor, School of Public Health,
Department of Health Systems and Policy, University of Medicine
of New Jersey. He is also a Research Professor at the UMDNJ Center
for Health Economics and Health Policy and at Rutgers University's
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research and
its Center for State Health Policy. He has held research positions
at the Boston University's Health Policy Institute and School of
Medicine and was also Director of the Division of Social and Economic
Research in the Center for Cost and Financing Studies, Agency for
Healthcare Research and Quality. Dr. Monheit's research interests
include the relationship between employment and health insurance,
health insurance dynamics, the uninsured population, the distribution
of health care expenditures, regulation of health insurance markets,
and children's access to health care. He is an editor and contributor
to Informing American Health Care Policy: The Dynamics of Medical
Expenditure and Insurance Surveys, 1987 - 1996 and State Insurance
Market Reform: Toward Inclusive and Sustainable Health Insurance
Markets. Dr. Monheit received the first Administrator's Award for
Health Services Research from the Agency for Healthcare Research
and Quality and is a Fellow of the Employee Benefit Research Institute
and a member of the National Academy of Social insurance.
MARK V. PAULY, PH.D.
Mark V. Pauly currently holds the position of Bendheim Professor in the Department of Health Care Systems at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He received the Ph.D. in economics from the University of Virginia. He is Professor of Health Care Systems, Insurance and Risk Management and Business and Public Policy, at the Wharton School and Professor of Economics, in the School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Pauly is a former commissioner on the Physician Payment Review Commission and an active member of the Institute of Medicine. One of the nationís leading health economists, Dr. Pauly has made significant contributions to the fields of medical economics and health insurance. His classic study on the economics of moral hazard was the first to point out how health insurance coverage may affect patientsí use of medical services. Subsequent work, both theoretical and empirical, has explored the impact of conventional insurance coverage on preventive care, on outpatient care, and on prescription drug use in managed care. He is currently studying the effect of poor health on worker productivity. In addition, he has explored the influences that determine whether insurance coverage is available and, through several cost effectiveness studies, the influence of medical care and health practices on health outcomes and cost. His interests in health policy deal with ways to reduce the number of uninsured through tax credits for public and private insurance, and appropriate design for Medicare in a budget-constrained environment. Dr. Pauly is a co-editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics and an associate editor of the Journal of Risk and Uncertainty. He has served on Institute of Medicine panels on public accountability for health insurers under Medicare and on improving the supply of vaccines.